Tag Archives: historiography

Conference: Max J. Friedländer (1867-1958): art-historian, museum director, connoisseur, Amsterdam, 8th of June 2017

 

20328530979Conference: Max J. Friedländer (1867-1958): art-historian, museum director, connoisseur, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, June 8, 2017
Registration deadline: Jun 5, 2017

The 5th of June 2017 marks the 150th anniversary of the birth of Max J.
Friedländer (1867-1958). This milestone offers an excellent opportunity
to reflect on the legacy of this still well-esteemed art historian.
Friedländer was appointed director of the Kupferstichkabinett in 1908,
then subdirector of the Gemäldegalerie in 1912 and finally director of
the latter in 1929. Under the energetic leadership of Wilhelm Bode,
general director of the Berlin museums, Friedländer developed into a
recognised connoisseur and author of over eight hundred publications,
of which Die Altniederländische Malerei (Early Netherlandish Painting)
and Von Kunst und Kennerschaft (On Art and Connoisseurship) are the
best known.

In the history of art history Friedländer is primarily associated with
“connoisseurship”, a competence which he considered most important.
According to Friedländer, connoisseurship embodies a subjective form of
scholarship and can only be gained by practice. The lack of a
theoretical underpinning and the impossibility of factual verification,
however, gradually led to the decline of connoisseurship as a scholarly
method, especially in the academic field.

The symposium aims at highlighting Friedländer’s merits for the history
of art. Specialists from Belgium, Germany, the United States and The
Netherlands will present a diverse range of papers that will call
attention to Friedländer’s work as museum official, scholar and
connoisseur. Moreover, the relevance of connoisseurschip for today’s
art history will be discussed.

The organization of this international symposium is in collaboration
with the RKD – Netherlands Institute for Art History, The Hague, the
University of Bamberg and the CVNK (Contactgroep Vroege Nederlandse
Kunst/Network for specialists in early Netherlandish art).

PROGRAMME

09.00-09.30 Registration and coffee

09.30-09.40 Welcome

09.40-10.00 Suzanne Laemers: Max J. Friedländer, an introduction to a
renowned art historian

Friedländer’s activity at the Berlin museums and his relation with his
colleagues, art dealers and collectors

10.00-10.20 Sandra Kriebel: Exhibiting Berlin private collections: Max
J. Friedländer as curator of loan exhibitions

10.20-10.40 Claire Baisier: Max J. Friedländer and the Antwerp
collector and connoisseur Fritz Mayer van den Bergh (1858-1901)

10.40-11.10 Coffee

11.10-11.30 Catherine B. Scallen: Max J. Friedländer and Duveen Bros.

11.30-11.50 Dr. Timo Saalmann: Connoisseurship in doubt: Max J.
Friedländer, the art market and antisemitism in the early 1930s

11.50-12.20 Discussion

12.20-13.30 Lunch

13.30-13.40 Bart Fransen: Friedländer 3.0: Max J. Friedländer’s Early
Netherlandish Painting as online database

Evaluation of Friedländer’s scholarly contribution to the history of art

13.40-14.00 Simon Elson: The poet or Max J. Friedländer’s art commentary

14.00-14.20 Eveliina Juntunen: Max J. Friedländer and modern
printmaking in Germany. Some thoughts about his influence on its
reception and on the art market

14.20-14.50 Discussion

14.50-15.20 Coffee

The importance of connoisseurship as a method in art history, including
the field of technical study and its rivalry with the learned eye, and
the necessity of teaching connoisseurship

15.20-15.40 Katrin Dyballa: Connoisseurship: A precondition for writing
a collection catalogue

15.40-16.00 Carol Pottasch/Kirsten Derks: The Lamentation by Rogier van
der Weyden (Mauritshuis, The Hague) in the context of traditional
connoisseurship and technical research

16.00-16.20 Milko den Leeuw/Oliver Spapens: Connoisseurship and
technical examination: opposites or complimentary methods?

16.20-16.30 Daantje Meuwissen: Connoisseurship os MA-specialisation at
the VU University Amsterdam

16.30-17.00 Discussion and closing remarks

17.00-18.00 Drinks and possibility to visit the Middle Ages and
Renaissance Galleries

For more information please visit:
https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/nl/friedlander

 

CFP: Early Netherlandish Art in the Long 19th Century (Ghent, 24 – 26 May 18)

N-0186-00-000118-wpuCFP: Early Netherlandish Art in the Long 19th Century (Ghent,
24 – 26 May 18), Ghent, May 24 – 26, 2018
Deadline: Jun 1, 2017
To submit a proposal for consideration, please send a 250 word
abstract, a 100 word bio, and a 1-2 page CV to rediscoveryhna@gmail.com
by June 1, 2017.

Francis Haskell famously argued that the “rediscovery” of early
Netherlandish painting in the nineteenth century was central to the
notions of history and culture that undergirded the rise of the modern
nation-states of Belgium and the Netherlands. This view has been
enriched by recent scholarship on the medieval and Renaissance
revivalist movements that took hold in both countries from about 1840
through the early years of the twentieth century. Yet the complex
relationship between artistic and literary practices of the period and
the emergence of a distinctly northern European history of art remains
largely unexamined, and its implications unacknowledged.

As Léon de Laborde, Camille Lemonnier, Émile Verhaeren, Hippolyte
Fierens-Gevaert, and, slightly later, Johan Huizinga published
pioneering investigations into the world of Van Eyck, Memling, and
Rubens, a similar retrospective spirit animated the artistic
imagination. Painters from Henri Leys to Fernand Khnopff and writers
from Charles De Coster to Maurice Maeterlinck embraced northern
precedents as a key source of inspiration for works that were at once
contemporary and rooted in a rich regional heritage.

This panel aims to explore the interplay between the visual arts and
the nascent field of art history in Belgium and the Netherlands. It
seeks twenty-minute papers which address how artists, critics,
historians, and others working in the Low Countries and abroad
developed diverse perspectives on their past that continue to shape our
understanding of the subject. Papers addressing specific instances of
revivalism and historicism are welcome, as are broader studies of
historiographical and literary trends, which offer insight into how one
era may mediate and even define our vision of another.

Papers must be based on ongoing research and
unpublished. Participants must be HNA members at the time of the
conference.

Panel Chairs: Edward Wouk, Assistant Professor, The University of
Manchester; Alison Hokanson, Assistant Curator, The Metropolitan Museum
of Art

CFP: 4th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE THE MIDDLE AGES: A GLOBAL CONTEXT?, 13-15 DECEMBER, 2017, PORTUGAL, LISBON (MEDIEVAL EUROPE IN MOTION RESEARCH GROUP)

025e8b1a81204117a2e5930a561cabe8CFP: 4th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE THE MIDDLE AGES: A GLOBAL CONTEXT?, 13-15 DECEMBER, 2017, PORTUGAL, LISBON (MEDIEVAL EUROPE IN MOTION RESEARCH GROUP)
How to Apply: Proposals for either 3-paper sessions or individual papers will be equally welcome. Individual papers should be 20 minutes in length. Please submit an abstract of no more that 250 words and a brief CV to mem2017@fcsh.unl.pt
Deadline: 15 June 2017.

NB: Conference Registration Fees:
Participation with Paper: 75€ (Registration fee includes documentation and coffee-breaks);
• Attendance: 30€ for the general public and 25€ for students;
• Gala Dinner: 35€.

In December, as the third year of its six-year Strategic Project draws to a close, the Institute for Medieval Studies – whose research groups have been working around our main theme, “People and Knowledge in Motion: Medieval Portugal in Trans-European Networks” – is hosting a Conference aimed at bringing together scholars from around the world in order to discuss and reassess the research undertaken in the Institute and in the wider academic world on mobility, the circulation of models, and phenomena of a global nature during the Middle Ages. In the course of the last three years, researchers specialising in the areas of History, History of Art, Archaeology and Literature, have developed their research with a strong emphasis on the question of the circulation of men and women, ideas, models and artefacts as mirrors of a medieval reality in which
mental, symbolic and physical mobility seems to correspond less and less to the ancient perceptions and stereotypes of Medieval Men and Society as characterized by stillness and immutability. Furthermore, work in the Institute has raised additional questions and problems intimately connected with the topics being studied, but also very much in line with current historiographical trends. For this reason, the organizers of the 4th International Conference on Medieval Europe in Motion deemed it appropriate to take our principal concern a step further and propose as its main subject the question whether or not it is possible to speak of a Global Middle Ages.
The Conference will seek to provide a forum for scholars from all disciplines who are willing to examine this topic. We invite participation from graduate students, early-career researchers and senior scholars. Papers are warmly welcome whether in English, Portuguese, Spanish, French or Italian.
The three sections of the Conference will be:
1. Debating the Global Middle Ages: Theoretical and Historiographical Approaches;
2. Texts, Images and Representations;
3. Territories and Powers: a “Glocal” Perspective.
Possible topics may include, but are by no means restricted to, the following:
• approaches to sub-global, semi-global and pan-global concepts and the discussion of contact,
exchange, interaction, circulation, integration and exclusion;
• analysis of concepts and case studies concerning diffusion, outreach, dispersal and expansion;
• approaches to concepts of impact, reception, acceptance, transformation and reform.
Selected proceedings will be edited by the Institute of Medieval Studies, as a peer-reviewed e-book, during the course of 2018.

 

CFP: Recovering the Past (York N/EMICS), 2-3 June 2017

Recovering the past can be an arduous and treacherous task and modern scholars frequently find themselves indebted to those who have gone before them. This multi-disciplinary two-day conference sets out to celebrate and analyse the impact the work of previous generations has had on our understanding of the Medieval past. For example, from the mid-nineteenth century onwards there appears to have been an increased interest in cataloguing and preserving the sculpture of the early Medieval period by figures such as John Romilly Allen and Joseph Anderson, whose seminal work The Early Christian Monuments of Scotland, published in 1903, is still the most complete record of the sculpture of early Medieval Scotland and was an influencing factor behind the creation of the British Academy Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture (which published its twelfth volume in 2016), the key text for any scholar working on Anglo-Saxon monumental sculpture and ecclesiastical / secular patronage of the arts in the early Middle Ages. This recording and cataloguing of the past can also been seen during the Medieval period itself with the collation of earlier oral poetry being preserved in manuscripts, such as the ninth-century poem Genesis B preserved within the c. 1000 Bodleian Junius 11 manuscript-version of the near contemporary poem Genesis.

Wider examples of recovering the past include, but are not limited to: recovering the past given the issues surrounding the accuracy/authenticity of primary sources; excavation and/or scientific analysis, the insights these provide and the issues surrounding the findings; the recovery of lost or stolen artefacts during the Medieval period and beyond; highlighting the skewing of the past through the editing of texts since the later sixteenth century, the production of fakes, the re-carving of sculpture; highlighting the use and manipulation of the past to support nationalistic/religious arguments; the varying interests of antiquarians and early historians; as well as museology and the questions surrounding how we engage with and display the Medieval past.

This conference will bring together emerging scholars, early career researchers and established academics from a variety of disciplines to provide a platform to discuss how this important idea was manifested in the textual, visual and material evidence of the Medieval world and beyond. It aims to examine the implications and the significance of ‘recovering the past’ in its widest possible contexts.

Possible subjects include but are not limited to:

  • Antiquarianism and/or the recording and cataloguing of the Medieval past
  • Historiographies
  • Archaeological investigations
  • Stolen and/or recovered artefacts
  • The creation of fakes: including the re-carving of sculpture and the ‘editing’ of texts
  • Reconstructing fragmentary texts, narratives or objects
  • The recording of the oral tradition during the Medieval period and beyond
  • Issues surrounding the accuracy/authenticity of primary source material
  • Museology and the displaying of the Medieval past

Please send abstracts of 250-300 words (with a short biography) to Elizabeth Alexander (ea502@york.ac.uk) by 17 Feburary 2017.

For Further information on the Northern/Early Medieval Interdisciplinary Conference Series please see our website: northernemics.wordpress.com.

CFP: Various Sessions @Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA, May 11 – 14, 2017

Call for Papers: Various Sessions @Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA, May 11 – 14, 2017
Deadline: Sep 15, 2016

Reminder:
The Stones Cry Out: Modes of Citation in Medieval Architecture
Light and Darkness in Medieval Art, 1200-1450. ICMA sponsored

session

Other Sessions:

Obscured by the Alps: Medieval Italian Architecture and the
European Canon
800px-cathedrale_de_sienne_28duomo_di_siena29Organizer: Erik Gustafson (edg218@nyu.edu)

The traditional canon of European architecture has been well established through both formal-stylistic aesthetics and periodized criteria, rooted ultimately in Hegelian notions of the underlying spirit of an age and Modern nationalist identities. Viewed from northern Europe, the canon’s trajectory moves fluidly from the halcyon
days of Greece and Rome to the stunted but ambitious Early Christian and Byzantine era, developing into the solidly reliable Romanesque
until the revolution of the transcendent Gothic is decapitated by the Renaissance counter-revolution and its florescent Baroque iteration, to
be overshadowed by the enlightened and reasoned Neoclassical age,
leading to the search for identity of the 19th century Historicist
styles and the return to the classically pure clarity of Modernism.
The contributions of the Italian peninsula are periodic, and are
generally defined within the canon by returns to classicism.  In recent
decades, architectural historians have begun to challenge the Italian
canon, expanding its geographic scope from the old Rome-Florence-Venice
vector while also undermining chronological waypoints such as the
Medieval-Renaissance divide.  The canon, however, remains infrangible,
still underwritten by the formalist priorities established at its
inception.

This session seeks to examine the utility of the European canon in
assessing the historical significance of Italian medieval architecture.
Is there more to Italian architectural history than recurrent bouts of
classicism?  How can Italian architecture be understood positively
within the European context, rather than in opposition or subjection to
the canonical narratives?  Possible avenues of inquiry might include
exploring the historiographical lacunae of the canon, considering
alternative criteria for structuring new canonical narratives,
examining socio-cultural phenomena otherwise elided by the canon, or
investigating other historically contingent trends which reflect
different scholarly treatments of Italy and the north.  Medieval
architectural history has been “rethought” several times in the past
decade, bringing “new approaches” to old questions.  Shifting the
discussion, this session seeks papers that ask broad new questions
about medieval architecture’s place in the history of European culture,
grounding such investigations in local Italian contexts. While Italy
has long been obscured by the Alps, this session seeks to begin new
conversations about medieval architecture driven by Italian challenges
to canonical understandings.

How to Submit: Please submit a paper proposal to the organizer, Erik Gustafson
(edg218@nyu.edu)
Deadline: September 15, 2016
Please include the following materials in your application:
1) A one-page abstract
2) Completed Participant Information Form available at the website of
the Medieval Congress:
http://wmich.edu/medievalcongress/submissions
3) A one-page CV

tumblr_m2du3bavab1qkpbfc1The Matter of Ornament
Organizer: Ashley Jones, University of Florida

Ornament has long occupied a troubled position in the history of
western art. Subject to rising and falling fashions, it has been beset
from all sides. Derided as feminine and dismissed as superficial,
ornament has been defined against both classical and modern
austerities. Medieval ornament, like so much of medieval art, has acted
as foil in the grand narratives of the rise and fall of figuration and
abstraction. But broader trends in the history of art and material
culture have, in recent years, highlighted the role medieval objects,
with their simultaneously heightened physicality and spirituality, can
play in illuminating profound questions of the nature of matter and
representation. This panel seeks to add ornament – arguably a
fundamental mode of premodern abstraction – to that equation. It
invites papers drawn from both material and textual traditions that
investigate the intersections of materiality, representationality, and
ornamentality in medieval material culture. Possible topics include but
are not limited to questions of the way in which matter gives rise to
ornament; the way in which matter, such as sacred relics, is made
legible through ornamentation; and the ways in which medieval ornament
evokes both the matter of nature and the matter of the cosmos.

How to Submit:  Paper proposals should consist of the following:
– Abstract of proposed paper (no more than 350 words)
– Completed Participant Information Form – available on the conference
website here:
https://wmich.edu/sites/default/files/attachments/u434/2016/medieval-pif-2017.pdf
– CV with contact information.
ALL PROPOSALS AND INQUIRIES SHOULD BE DIRECTED TO:
Ashley Jones (ajones@arts.ufl.edu)

0cf1189eec15ef93a0058320d627e312The Schematization of time
This session proposes to investigate visual strategies used in
time-reckoning and calendar constructions. Medieval illustrations of
scientific works, computus treatises (including Bede’s De temporum
ratione), historical chronicles, almanacs and moral and theological
tracts, display a vast spectrum of images dealing with the natural and
divine causes of time phenomena, their manifestations, their various
effects on the world and their universal significations. These images
testify to a wide range of subjects and interests, from cosmological
and astronomical explanations, to practical considerations regarding
liturgy, astrology, medicine, divination, prognostication, to history
and geography, to practical and speculative mathematics, and to
symbolic devices working as visual exegesis of the creation. Given the
rich corpus of source material, how might the visualization of time
through schematization and volvelles help us understand the role of
time in medieval life and culture? How did schemata and diagrams
represent specific strategies of knowledge transmission through
geometrical relationships, color systems, and numerical and spatial
representations? Although modern medieval studies witness an increasing
interest in schemata and diagrams, the omnipresence and diversity of
visual reflexions on time in the Middle Ages contrasts with the small
number of case studies dedicated to the subject.

This session welcomes papers focused on, but not limited to: the
visualization of relationships between time, space and matter; the
schmatization of time in medical theory and practice; the depiction of
liturgical time; the correlation between time-reckoning and celestial
phenomena, either astronomical or astrological; the calculation of past
and future dates through images concerning chronology and eschatology.

How to Apply: The panel features 15-20 minutes papers. Please send an abstract (150
to 350 words), a short CV and completed Participant Information Form to
Arthur Hénaff (arthur.henaff@etu.ephe.fr) and Sarah Griffin
(sarah.griffin@kellogg.ox.ac.uk) by September 15, 2016

Conference: Medieval Architecture Outside the Lines (University of Georgia, USA, 24 October 2015)

Outside the LinesUniversity of Georgia

Lamar Dodd School of Art

Medieval Architecture Outside the Lines

October 24, 2015

Long-time and much loved professor Thomas E. Polk II (retired 2006) died in 2014. Using funds donated to the School in his memory, the art history area is organizing a one-day conference on medieval architecture. By honoring Professor Polk’s memory in this way we also hope to highlight the academic and intellectual importance of the study of the medieval world and its architecture. By venturing “outside the lines” we are presenting evidence for the wide intellectual, geographical, and chronological span of medievalism.

Schedule:

Saturday, October 24, 2015

8:00 AM coffee

8:30-9 Introductions

9-10AM

Lisa Reilly, University of Virginia

Normans In and Out of France

10-11AM

Robert Bork, University of Iowa

Drawing Lines and Crossing Lines: Adventures Pursuing the Gothic”

11-11:30 coffee

11:30-12:30

Alice Klima, University of Georgia

The Shape of Reform in Fourteenth-Century Bohemia; Mendicants, Parishes, and Canons

Lunch 12:30-2

2-3:30PM

Sheila Bonde, Brown University and Clark Maines, Wesleyan University

Seen one, seen ’em all?–What we learn from archaeological study of Carthusian Bourgfontaine

3:30-4:30

Kevin Murphy, Vanderbilt University

The Many Uses of the Gothic: From the Age of Historicism to the Rise of Modernism

4:30-5 Questions and Comments

Lecture Hall: Rm S150 Lamar Dodd School of Art

270 River Road on the East Campus of the University of Georgia, Athens, GA, 30602

Lunch is not provided but available in the Joe Frank Harris Commons (http://foodservice.uga.edu/locations/village-summit#info).

Travel to Athens via airplane is best done via Atlanta’s Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport. Travel from the airport to Athens is available via http://athens.groometransportation.com/athens-shuttle-schedule/. Sadly the stops are quite limited. You are better off using the Georgia Center stop (on the campus of UGA) than the West Shopping Center (it is nowhere near where you want to be).

No registration is required, but we would be happy to hear from you in advance if you are planning to attend.

For questions contact

Shelley E.  Zuraw
Lamar Dodd School of Art
University of Georgia
270 River Road
Athens, GA 30602
szuraw@uga.edu

Conference: Religion, Art and Conflict: Disputes, destruction and creation (Courtauld Institute, 5-6 December 2014)

15thc_angel_000[1]Although not a medieval conference per se, we think our readers will enjoy these two days on Religion, Art and Conflict at the Courtauld Institute in December, with sessions on manuscripts, historiographical reception of medieval art, and more besides.

Tickets (£26, £16 students, Courtauld staff/students and concessions) can be ordered here.

Throughout history religion and belief have been the catalyst for the creation of great buildings and works of art. However, religious art has frequently been disputed, despised and destroyed. Members are sought for a research group that will examine the role of reform, ideology and conflict in the destruction and preservation of religious art and architecture. The group will also investigate how theological disputes and religious conflicts have been the impetus for new intellectual and creative approaches to the visual and material arts.

The papers presented at the conference will cover 600 years of art history, from fifteenth-century Florence to depictions of Islam after 9/11, and a breadth of topics from medieval monasticism to William Blake’s theology of art, from Bhutanese seventeenth century art to the Vatican’s relationship with contemporary art, and much more.

Friday, 5 December
13.30 – 14.00 Registration

14.00 – 14.05 Introduction and Welcome

14.05 – 15.30 Session 1: Cultural Interaction or Conflict?

María Molina Fajardo (University of Granada): Building a ‘Catholic Site’: Spaces of Encounter, the Aggression and the Creation of the Village of Nigüelas (Granada) after
the Castilian Conquest

Ariana Maki (University of Colorado Boulder): Lines and Lineages: Depicting History and Religion in 17th-Century Bhutan

David Low (The Courtauld Institute of Art): The Ruins of Ani: the Rediscovery, Destruction and Reconstruction of an Armenian City

15.30 – 16.00 COFFEE/TEA BREAK (tea /coffee provided)

16.00 – 17.00 Session 2: Word, Image and Conflict – Liturgical Books in Late Medieval and
Reformation-era England

Jayne Wackett (University of Kent): Liturgical Images in the English Reformation:
Lost, Found and Altered

Michael Carter (The Courtauld Institute of Art): Tuppence Worth: an Annotated Missal
from a Cistercian Abbey

17.00 – 17.15 COMFORT BREAK

17.15 – 18.15 Keynote Lecture: James Carley (York University, Toronto / University of Kent): ‘So myserably peryshed in the spoyle’: John Leland and John Bale on the Dissolution of the English Religious Houses

18.15 – 18.30 Summary and discussion

18.30 RECEPTION

Saturday, 6 December

09.30 – 10.00 Registration

10.00 – 11.30 Session 3: Violence, Destruction and Creation in Renaissance and Counter-
Reformation Italy

Scott Nethersole (The Courtauld Institute of Art): ‘Art came to an end’: Making and Destruction in Fra Filippo Lippi’s Medici Altarpiece

Anna Marazuela Kim (University of Virginia): Idols of Art and of the Mind: Sculptural and Spiritual Iconoclasm in Michelangelo’s Rondanini Pietà

Eva Papoulia (The Courtauld Institute of Art): The Cappella Gregoriana in St. Peter’s: a Catholic Response to Protestant Claims

11.30 – 12.00 COFFEE/TEA BREAK (tea /coffee provided)

12.00 – 13.00 Keynote Lecture:
Sussan Babaie (The Courtauld Institute of Art): ‘Holy’ Wars and the Visual Poetics of
Innocence; Iran-Iraq, then (1980-89)

13.00 – 14.00 BREAK FOR LUNCH (not provided, except for speakers)

14.00 – 15.30 Session 4: Religion, Conflict and Identity
Lloyd De Beer (The British Museum / University of East Anglia): Burial and Belief:
Alabaster Sculpture in Context

Ágnes Kriza (University of Cambridge): Representing Destruction: Medieval Russian
Visualisations of Byzantine Iconoclasm

Emily Pegues (The Courtauld Institute of Art / National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.): To die for an ideal’: Three Wars, One Retable and the Foundations of a Belgian History of Art

15.30 – 16.00 COFFEE/TEA BREAK (tea /coffee provided)

16.00 – 17.30 Session 5: Religion, Art and Conflict in the Modern and Contemporary World

Naomi Billingsley (University of Manchester): Knock, Knock, William Blake’s Here: Creative Conflict in Blake’s Illustrations of Edward Young’s Night Thoughts

Anna Messner (University of Munich): In Search of Jewish Art and Identity: The Munich Artist Rudolf Ernst (1896-1942)

Lieke Wijnia (Tilburg University): Religion’s Reclaim of Contemporary Art: The Vatican
at the 2013 Venice Biennale

17.30 – 17.45 Concluding comments and discussion

17.45 END

Visit here for further information and abstracts of the papers.